Guo yao yi ji hospital
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the common microangiopathy in diabetes and the main cause of blindness in adults. It can be seen that it is very important to find the specific target of DR prevention and treatment. Adipose tissue is not only an energy storage tissue, but also an active endocrine organ, which can release a variety of cytokines, called adipokines. Studies have shown that adipokines play an important role in the occurrence and development of DR. Adipokines can not only directly act on vascular endothelium through blood circulation, but also indirectly affect vascular endothelial function by affecting the activity of sympathetic nervous system and insulin sensitivity, which leads to dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells, increased retinal vascular permeability, neurodegeneration and neovascularization, and finally leads to the destruction of blood-retinal barrier. In recent years, the role of some new adipokines in DR has been paid more and more attention. This paper reviews the related research of several new adipokines in DR.