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引用:金波,安广琪,雷博,杜利平,戴方方,金学民.应用扫频源光学相干断层扫描成像分析后皮质前玻璃体囊袋的形态.国际眼科杂志 2021;21(6):1077-1081,doi:10.3980/j.issn.1672-5123.2021.6.28
应用扫频源光学相干断层扫描成像分析后皮质前玻璃体囊袋的形态
Using swept-source optical coherence tomography to analysis the morphological characteristics of posterior precortical vitreous pocket
投稿时间:2020-09-12  修订日期:2021-04-27
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DOI:10.3980/j.issn.1672-5123.2021.6.28
关键词:  扫频源光学相干断层扫描成像  后皮质前玻璃体囊袋  玻璃体后脱离  近视
Key Words:  swept-source optical coherence tomography  posterior precortical vitreous pocket  posterior vitreous detachment  myopia
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81770949, 81970792); 河南省科技厅项目(No.162102410004)
Fund Project:National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.81770949, 81970792); Henan Provincial of Department Science and Technology Project(No.162102410004)
                 
作者单位
金波 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学第一附属医院 郑州大学眼底病研究所
安广琪 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学第一附属医院 郑州大学眼底病研究所; 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学人民医院 河南省立眼科医院&河南省眼科研究所 河南省人民医院
雷博 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学人民医院 河南省立眼科医院&河南省眼科研究所 河南省人民医院
杜利平 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学第一附属医院 郑州大学眼底病研究所
戴方方 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学人民医院 河南省立眼科医院&河南省眼科研究所 河南省人民医院
金学民 中国河南省郑州市,郑州大学第一附属医院 郑州大学眼底病研究所
                 
AuthorInstitution
Bo Jin The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Fundus Disease Institute of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
Guang-Qi An The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Fundus Disease Institute of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China; Henan Eye Hospital & Henan Eye Institute, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
Bo Lei Henan Eye Hospital & Henan Eye Institute, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
Li-Ping Du The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Fundus Disease Institute of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
Fang-Fang Dai Henan Eye Hospital & Henan Eye Institute, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
Xue-Min Jin The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Fundus Disease Institute of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou , Henan Province, China
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目的:应用扫频源光学相干断层扫描成像(SS-OCT)观察并分析后皮质前玻璃体囊袋(PPVP)的形态学特点。

     方法:前瞻性研究。纳入2019-03/06于河南省立眼科医院行SS-OCT检查发现PPVP的受检者91例138眼。观察PPVP的SS-OCT形态学特点,比较不同性别、年龄、等效球镜受检者的PPVP的宽度和高度的差异。

     结果:纳入91例138眼中112眼(81.2%)PPVP形态为船形,19眼(13.8%)为椭圆形,7眼(5.1%)为对勾形。99眼(71.7%)PPVP与Martegiani区连通。138眼的PPVP的平均宽度为6248.82±1117.87μm,平均高度为562.12±476.94μm。不同性别受检者的PPVP的平均宽度和高度比较无差异(P>0.05),PPVP的宽度与年龄呈正相关(r=0.32,P<0.01),低度近视组受检者PPVP的高度低于非近视组和中度近视组(P=0.01、0.03)。

     结论:PPVP多为黄斑前船形液体腔隙,多与玻璃体管(Cloquet管)连通,其宽度与年龄相关,PPVP的存在可能影响PVD的形成与进展。

Abstract:
      AIM: To observe the morphological characteristics of posterior precortical vitreous pocket(PPVP)using swept-source optical coherence tomography(SS-OCT).

     METHODS:Prospective study. One hundred and thirty-eight eyes of 91 cases with PPVP observed by SS-OCT in Henan Eye Hospital from March 2019 to June 2019 were included in the study. The average width and height size of PPVP was compared among subjects with different genders, age and equivalent spherical.

     RESULTS: In 138 eyes, 112 eyes(81.2%)were ship shaped, 19 eyes(13.8%)were oval, and 7 eyes(5.1%)were hook shaped. Ninety-nine eyes(71.7%)had PPVP which connected with Martegiani area. The average width of PPVP was 6248.82±1117.87μm, and the average height of PPVP was 562.12±476.94μm. There was no difference in the width and height of PPVP between different genders(P>0.05), and the PPVP' width was positively correlated with age(r=0.32, P<0.01). The PPVP' height in low myopia group were lower than that in non-myopia and moderate myopia group eyes(P=0.01, 0.03).

     CONCLUSION: PPVP is a boat-shaped fluid cavity in front of the macula, which communicates with the Cloquet canal. Its width is related to the age. The existence of PPVP may play a role in the development of PVD and its progress.

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