1Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital & Eye Institute, Tianjin 300384, China;
2Hebei Eye Hospital, Xingtai 054001, Hebei Province, China;
3Linyi People’s Hospital, Linyi 276000, Shandong Province, China
Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81371005).
AIM:To determine the effects of rapamycin on experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) and investigate of role of rapamycin on T cell subsets in the disease. METHODS:EAU was induced in rats using peptides 1169 to 1191 of the interphotoreceptor binding protein (IRBP). Rapamycin (0.2 mg/kg/d) was administrated by intraperitoneal injection for a consecutive 7d after immunization. Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines, TGF-β1, and IL-6 produced by lymphocyteswere measured by ELISA, while Th17 cells and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) from rat spleen were detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal treatment immediately after immunization dramatically ameliorated the clinical course of EAU. Clinical responses were associated with reduced retinal inflammatory cell infiltration and tissue destruction. Rapamycin induced suppression of Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines, including IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-17, IL-4, and IL-10 release from T lymphocytes of EAU rats, in vitro. Rapamycin also significantly increased TGF-β1 production but had no effect on IL-6 productionof T lymphocytes from EAU rats in vitro. Furthermore, rapamycin decreased the ratio of Th17 cells/CD4+T cells and upregulated Tregs in EAU, as detected by flow cytometry. CONCLUSION: Rapamycin effectively interferes with T cell mediated autoimmune uveitis by inhibiting antigen-specific T cell functions and enhancing Tregs in EAU. Rapamycin is a promising new alternative as an adjunct corticosteroid-sparing agent for treating uveitis.
Li-Fei Yuan, Guang-Da Li, Xin-Jun Ren, et al. Rapamycin ameliorates experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis by inhibiting Th1/Th2/Th17 cells and upregulating CD4+CD25+ Foxp3 regulatory T cells. Int J Ophthalmol 2015;8(4):659-664Copy