Pei-Rong Lu. Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, No.188 Shizi Street, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, China. firstname.lastname@example.org
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81671641); Suzhou Science and Technology Fund of China (No.SYS2020137).
AIM: To analyze the retinal proteomes with and without conbercept treatments in mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) and identify proteins involved in the molecular mechanisms mediated by conbercept. METHODS: OIR was induced in fifty-six C57BL/6J mouse pups and randomly divided into four groups. Group 1: Normal17 (n=7), mice without OIR and treated with normal air. Group 2: OIR12/EXP1 (n=14), mice received 75% oxygen from postnatal day (P) 7 to 12. Group 3: OIR17/Control (n=14), mice received 75% oxygen from P7 to P12 and then normal air to P17. Group 4: Lang17/EXP2 (n=21), mice received 75% oxygen from P7 to P12 with intravitreal injection of 1 μL conbercept at the concentration of 10 mg/mL at P12, and then normal air from P12 to P17. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS)/MS data were reviewed to find proteins that were up-regulated after the conbercept treatment. Gene ontology (GO) analysis was performed of conbercept-mediated changes in proteins involved in single-organism processes, biological regulation, cellular processes, immune responses, metabolic processes, locomotion and multiple-organism processes. RESULTS: Conbercept induced a reversal of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 signaling pathway as revealed by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis and also induced down-regulation of proteins involved in blood coagulation and fibrin clot formation as demonstrated by the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and the stimulation of interferon genes studies. These appear to be risk factors of retinal fibrosis. Additional conbercept-specific fibrosis risk factors were also identified and may serve as therapeutic targets for fibrosis. CONCLUSION: Our studies reveal that many novel proteins are differentially regulated by conbercept. The new insights may warrant a valuable resource for conbercept treatment.
Ji Jin, Lei Chen, Gao-Qin Liu, et al. Proteomic analysis of anti-angiogenic effects by conbercept in the mice with oxygen induced retinopathy. Int J Ophthalmol 2020;13(12):1844-1853Copy