Time trends in myopia and high myopia prevalence in young university adults in China
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Rui-Hua Wei. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, China. weirhua2009@126.com


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Supported by China Scholarship Council (CSC; No.202006945002); Chunhui Project of China Education Ministry (No.HZKY20220587); Tianjin Health Technology Research Project (No.TJWJ2022MS014); Tianjin Municipal Education Commission Scientific Research Program (Mental Health Education; No.2022ZDGX20).

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    AIM: To investigate time trends in myopia and high myopia prevalence over 6y among young university adults in China. METHODS: This is a 6-year series cross-sectional study from 2016 to 2021. Totally 4910 freshmen were enrolled and completed a questionnaire concerning age, gender, and disease history. Students with eye diseases were excluded after a detailed eye examination. The refractive status was measured by non-cycloplegic objective refraction and ocular parameters were measured by Lenstar 900. The examination followed the same protocol each year. Trends over time in myopia and high myopia prevalence, as well as ocular biometry parameters, were analyzed. RESULTS: From 2016 to 2021, the axial length (AL) and corneal radius (CR) increased significantly (P=0.002 for AL; P=0.04 for CR). However, the spherical equivalent (SE) and the ratio of axial length to the corneal radius (AL/CR) did not change significantly (P=0.59 for SE; P=0.24 for AL/CR). The frequency of AL ≥26.0 mm increased from 26.6% in 2016 to 29.3% in 2021 (P=0.05 for trend). The prevalence of myopia and high myopia did not change significantly in our study (P≥0.18). Compared to a similar cross-sectional study conducted 10 years ago, the prevalence of myopia decreased significantly (94.9% vs 91.8%, P<0.001). Whereas the prevalence of high myopia increased largely (18.12% vs 27.6%, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of high myopia increases in young university adults during 10y period. Myopia control should begin earlier in childhood. However, these interventions are still needed for high myopia even in young adulthood.

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Hong-Mei Zhang, Bing-Qin Li, Yun Zhu, et al. Time trends in myopia and high myopia prevalence in young university adults in China. Int J Ophthalmol 2023;16(10):1676-1681

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  • Received:January 17,2023
  • Revised:August 03,2023
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  • Online: September 19,2023
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