Citation:Yan WJ,Zhou HY,Yan H.Characterization of and advanced diagnostic methods for ocular tuberculosis and tuberculosis.Int J Ophthalmol 2020;13(11):1820-1826,doi:10.18240/ijo.2020.11.21
Characterization of and advanced diagnostic methods for ocular tuberculosis and tuberculosis
Received:December 09, 2019  Revised:September 30, 2020
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DOI:10.18240/ijo.2020.11.21
Key Words:latent tuberculosis  ocular tuberculosis  diagnosis
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Wei-Jia Yan Xi’an People’s Hospital Xi’an Fourth Hospital, Affiliated Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China; Department of Infection, Immunity & Cardiovascular Disease, University of Sheffield, Medical School, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK
Hai-Yan Zhou Department of Ophthalmology, Shaanxi Provincial People’s Hospital, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China
Hong Yan Xi’an People’s Hospital Xi’an Fourth Hospital, Affiliated Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Xi’an , Shaanxi Province, China
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Abstract:
      Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually affects the lungs. Timely treatment of active TB, diagnosis and prevention of latent TB are very important. However, extrapulmonary TB affects almost any tissues around the eye and orbit, and it then requires a high degree of suspicion to accurately diagnose. Diagnostic delays are common and may lead to morbidity. For ophthalmologists and infectious disease specialists, it is important to work together to accurately diagnose and treat ocular tuberculosis (OTB) to prevent vision loss. This review reports the latest advanced diagnostic methods for active TB and latent TB as well as various known manifestations of OTB. Important elements of diagnosis and treatment are also reviewed.
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