天津市眼科医院重点资助项目(No.YKZD2003); 天津市卫生健康委员会 天津市中医药管理局课题(No.2021162)
Key Project of Tianjin Eye Hospital(No.YKZD2003); Project of Tianjin Health Commission(No.2021162)
AIM: To evaluate the clinical effect of 25G pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)combined with dexamethasone intravitreal implant(DEX)on the treatment of vitreous hemorrhage and diabetic macular edema(DME)secondary to proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR).
METHODS: Prospective clinical case study. A total of 40 patients(40 eyes)with vitreous hemorrhage and DME secondary to PDR who treated in Tianjin Eye Hospital from July 2020 to January 2022 were included in the study. All eyes underwent 25G PPV and cataract phacoemulsification. The patients were randomly divided into PPV group(20 eyes)and PPV+DEX group(20 eyes). Best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure, and central macular thickness(CMT)of the patients before and 1, 3, 6mo after the operation were compared.
RESULTS: All patients were followed up for 6mo. The BCVA of the patients in the PPV+DEX group improved better than that of the PPV group at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery(P<0.05). CMT of the PPV+DEX group was lower than that of the PPV group at 1mo after operation(P<0.05). Retinal neovascularization or CMT regression with less than 5% was found in 8 eyes in the PPV group, who were supplemented with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, while it was found in only 1 eye in the PPV+DEX group(P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: PPV combined with DEX could yield synergies, which provide better therapeutic effect for the patients with vitreous hemorrhage and DME secondary to PDR.